Qualified Equity And Subordinated Debt Investments Credit

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We have had several questions regarding this credit and wanted to share the information available from the Virginia Department of Taxtion.  Forms are required to be filed by December 31st annually of each year for the equity or sub debt raise and the investors have to file forms by April 1st.    Please contact your Keiter team with questions on how this credit may affect your specific situation and if there have been any changes to the credit since this posting.

To Qualify

This credit is available to individual and fiduciary taxpayers making a qualified investment in the form of “equity” or “subordinated debt” in a pre-qualified small business venture. Businesses must file Form QBA by December 31 of the year that they request qualification. The business must reapply each year to maintain qualification. Investors must file Form EDC by April 1 of the year following the investment to apply for their credit. Submitting a late application will disqualify you for the credit. All applications must be sent to the Virginia Department of Taxation, Tax Credit Unit, P. O. Box 715, Richmond, VA 23218 – 0715. The Department of Taxation will notify investors of the amount of their authorized credit by June 30th.

Qualified Investment

Qualified investment means a cash investment in a qualified business in the form of equity or subordinated debt; however, an investment shall not be qualified if the taxpayer who holds such investment, or any of such taxpayer’s family members, or any entity affiliated with such taxpayer, receives or has received compensation from the qualified business in exchange for services provided to such business as an employee, officer, director, manager, independent contractor or otherwise in connection with or within one year before or after the date of such investment. For the purposes hereof, reimbursement of reasonable expenses incurred shall not be deemed to be compensation.

Commercialization Investment

Commercialization investment means a qualified investment in a qualified business that was created to commercialize research developed at or in partnership with an institution of higher education.


Equity means common stock or preferred stock, regardless of class or series, of a corporation; a partnership interest in a limited partnership; or a membership interest in a limited liability company, which is not required or subject to an option on the part of the taxpayer to be redeemed by the issuer within 3 years from the date of issuance. No equity investment will qualify for this credit if it is required to be redeemed or subject to an option to be redeemed by the issuer within 5 years of the date of issuance.

Subordinated Debt

Subordinated debt means indebtedness of a corporation, general or limited partnership, or limited liability company that (i) by its terms required no repayment of principal for the first 3 years after issuance; (ii) is not guaranteed by any other person or secured by any assets of the issuer or any other person; and (iii) is subordinated to all indebtedness and obligations of the issuer to national or state-chartered banking or savings and loan institutions.

Qualified Business

Effective January 1, 2009 a qualified business means a business which (i) has annual gross revenues of no more than $3 million in its most recent fiscal year, (ii) has its principal office or facility in the Commonwealth, (iii) is engaged in business primarily in or does substantially all of its production in the Commonwealth, (iv) has not obtained during its existence more than $3 million in aggregate gross cash proceeds from the issuance of its equity or debt investments (not including commercial loans from chartered banking or savings and loan institutions), and (v) is primarily engaged, or is primarily organized to engage, in the fields of advanced computing, advanced materials, advanced manufacturing, agricultural technologies, biotechnology, electronic device technology, energy, environmental technology, information technology, medical device technology, nanotechnology, or any similar technology-related field determined by regulation by the Department of Taxation to fall under the purview of this section.

How Much is the Credit?

The credit is equal to 50% of the qualified business investments made during the taxable year. If total annual requests for the credit exceed $3 million, the Department of Taxation will prorate the credit for each taxpayer.

The credit a taxpayer may claim per taxable year may not exceed the credit authorized by the Department of Taxation, $50,000, or the income tax liability on that year’s return, whichever is less. The credit is nonrefundable. Unused credits may be carried forward up to 15 years.

To Claim the Credit

Complete Schedule CR, Part XV, to claim this credit. Please note: Since the Department of Taxation does not complete authorization of these credits until June 30 each year, it will be necessary for the taxpayers with a May 1 due date to either file for an extension, or file an amended return in order to claim this credit.

Reference: Qualified Equity And Subordinated Debt Investments Credit

About the Author

Keiter CPAs is a certified public accounting firm serving the audittax, accounting and consulting needs of businesses and their owners located in Richmond and across Virginia. We focus on serving emerging growth businesses and companies in the financial servicesconstructionreal estatemanufacturingretail & distribution industries and nonprofits. We also provide business valuations and forensic accounting servicesfamily office services, and inbound international services.

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The information contained within this article is provided for informational purposes only and is current as of the date published. Online readers are advised not to act upon this information without seeking the service of a professional accountant, as this article is not a substitute for obtaining accounting, tax, or financial advice from a professional accountant.


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